Find this content interesting and worth supporting?
Donate to ICIJ. Help us continue investigating important global issues. Gifts made today will be matched up to $10,000.
Explore the offshore connections of world leaders, politicians and their relatives and associates.
Maggi and other family members appear in Appleby records as beneficial owners of Amaggi & LD Commodities International Ltd., a Cayman Islands company registered on Sept. 9, 2010, about five... Read more
Leaked records reveal that in 2014, Amaya’s directors retained the services of Appleby’s office in the Isle of Man – the registered agent for nearly 40 of the company’s subsidiaries... Read more
Kutesa created the Obuyonza Discretionary Trust in the Seychelles in 2012. The trust held shares in the Seychelles company Katonga Investments Ltd. He created the trust, watched over its administration... Read more
Gusenbauer is one of the directors and legal representatives of Novia Management Ltd., a company registered in Malta in 2014, along with fellow Austrian Herbert Stepic, the former chief of... Read more
In the 1990s and early 2000s, Appleby’s files list Prince Khaled as the beneficiary of the Acorn Trust and the Minstrel Trust. Between 1989 and 2014 Prince Khaled registered... Read more
Djukanovic was a shareholder of Ranin Ltd., a company registered in Malta in 2012, the year Djukanovic’s brother was most recently re-elected prime minister. According to Serbian media reports, Ranin... Read more
According to 2008 confidential emails, the lawyer representing Shawkat and his son, Ali, asked Appleby to hold in escrow about $140 million, the proceeds of the sale of the Shawkats’... Read more
Prigodsky is listed as the sole shareholder of TUC Ltd., a company registered in Malta in 2013, the principal activity of which is to “carry out shipping activities,” including the... Read more
Kosgei owned Zonrisa Ltd., a Mauritius company previously registered in the Isle of Man under the name Aisha Ltd. Zonrisa owned an apartment in central London near Harrods department store... Read more
Ablyazov owned CFJ Star Trust, which was set up in the Cayman Islands in 2007, with a brother-in-law, Syrym Shalabayev. Shalabayev was also accused of involvement in the alleged BTA... Read more
Mynbayev, recorded as a “politically exposed person” in Appleby’s client database, has been a shareholder in Meridian Capital Ltd. since its incorporation in Bermuda in 2002. The latest information in... Read more
Gertz was vice president of Jano Ltd., a personal investment company incorporated in the Cayman Islands for “tax purposes,” according to Appleby records. He was appointed in February 1998, a... Read more
In 2013, representatives of Mahama and his contracting company Engineers and Planners Company Limited contacted Appleby about creating two offshore companies in the Isle of Man but ended up creating... Read more
Tommy Suharto, who currently heads the Humpuss Group, was a director and chairman of the board of Asia Market Investments Ltd., a company registered in Bermuda in 1997 and closed... Read more
In 2001 and 2002, during his time with WEF, Figueres sat on the board of directors of Energia Global International Ltd., a renewable-energy company incorporated in Bermuda in 1997 with... Read more
Bermuda-registered Madagascar Oil Limited awarded options to Chretien in July 2007 as a consulting fee, according to documents in the Appleby files. Madagascar Oil was formed to explore and drill... Read more
In 1991, CSL Self-Unloader Investments Ltd., part of the CSL Group, was registered in Bermuda. It was created to hold the shares of two Barbadian corporations involved in a leaseback... Read more
Mulroney is listed in Appleby’s files as a director between 2004 and 2009 of Said Holdings Limited, a Bermuda company controlled by controversial Syrian-Saudi businessman Wafic Said. The company, created... Read more
In March 2013 Hatoyama was appointed honorary chairman and senior consultant of Hoifu Energy Group Ltd., an oil and gas exploration and production company incorporated in Bermuda in 2000.
According... Read more
Aziz, who worked for Citibank before starting his career as a politician, was one of the shareholders and directors of Bahamas-registered Cititrust Limited from 1997 to 1999, along with other... Read more
On Dec. 7, 2011, a tax accountant associated with the Pritzker family provided Appleby with a copy of Penny Pritzker’s passport to confirm her identity to enable transactions involving offshore... Read more
Leaked documents from Appleby show that Sassoon and several family members have been beneficiaries of a Cayman Island trust fund called the DCR Herschorn Settlement, established by Sassoon’s grandmother decades... Read more
Quintanilla Schmidt is a director and a board member of Fusades Ltd., which was incorporated as a charitable organization in Bermuda in 2008. María Eugenia Brizuela de Ávila, who stepped... Read more
Guoga is a founder and former shareholder of iBus Media Ltd., a gambling news publisher on the Isle of Man. Appleby data show that another shareholder is Mark Scheinberg, a... Read more
Sinha is a minority shareholder and director of SIS Asia Pacific Holdings Ltd., a subsidiary of Security and Intelligence Services, registered in Malta in 2008. His wife, Rita Kishore Sinha,... Read more
In 2010, acting as an Omidyar Network representative, Sinha was appointed to the board of directors of D.Light Design, a Californian solar power company that received $5.5 million from the... Read more
Atamkulov is a director of the Maltese company Centraz Finance Ltd., established in 1998. In October 2017 the company was listed as active. Other directors include Atamkulov’s brother, Yerlan Atamkulov,... Read more
Meirelles created the Sabedoria Foundation with Appleby in Bermuda in December 2002 “specifically for charitable purposes.” While the foundation was active during Meirelles’ tenure as president of Brazil’s central bank,... Read more
Prabowo was director and deputy chairman of Bermuda-registered Nusantara Energy Resources. The company registered in 2001 was listed as a “bad debtor,” according to Appleby’s records and was closed in... Read more
Saraki was director and a shareholder of Tenia Ltd., a company established in the Cayman Islands in April 2001. Appleby’s records describe Tenia Ltd. as a “holding company.” In August... Read more
Makhlouf was a shareholder in four Lebanese companies created between 2001 and 2003, before Syrian troops officially withdrew from Lebanon in 2005 after 29 years of military occupation. Three of... Read more
Files from the Barbados corporate registry show Santos listed as a director of Global Tuition & Education Insurance Corp., a tax-exempt insurance company , until May 2001. Beginning in 1998,... Read more
Johnson Sirleaf was listed as a director of the Bermuda company Songhai Financial Holdings Ltd. a subsidiary of Databank’s finance, fund management and investment company Databank Brokerage Ltd., from April... Read more
The Yildirim brothers are sole shareholders of two companies registered in Malta. The first, Hawke Bay Marine Co. Ltd, was set up in April 2004. Public records suggest that the... Read more
Queen Noor – sometimes referred to as “Mrs. Jordan” or “Mrs. Brown” in Appleby’s database – is the beneficiary of two trusts registered in Jersey, according to a document dated... Read more
In 2005, the Duchy of Lancaster, Queen Elizabeth II’s private estate and portfolio, invested $7.5 million in Dover Street VI Cayman Fund LP, according to files from the offshore law... Read more
Ross, a billionaire Wall Street investor known for buying distressed companies, was a major client of Appleby, which administered more than 50 companies and partnerships that invested in a range... Read more
Tillerson was a director of Marib Upstream Services Co., a Bermuda-based company created to conduct oil and gas operations in Yemen’s Marib-Al-Jawf basin. Tillerson joined the company’s board in March... Read more
There are legitimate uses for offshore companies and trusts. We do not intend to suggest or imply that any people, companies or other entities included in the ICIJ Offshore Leaks Database have broken the law or otherwise acted improperly. Many people and entities have the same or similar names. We suggest you confirm the identities of any individuals or entities located in the database based on addresses or other identifiable information. If you find an error in the database please get in touch with us.
ICIJ is an independent nonprofit news organization that brings journalists together to collaborate on critical in-depth global investigations
We depend on the generous support of readers like you to help us expose corruption and hold the powerful to account
Find this content interesting and worth supporting?